Diagnose, manage, and treat conditions and diseases of the human eye and visual system. Examine eyes and visual system, diagnose problems or impairments, prescribe corrective lenses, and provide treatment. May prescribe therapeutic drugs to treat specific eye conditions.
Design, measure, fit, and adapt orthopedic braces, appliances or prostheses, such as limbs or facial parts for patients with disabling conditions.
Acts as a member of an open-heart surgical team. They select, set up, and operate the heart-lung machine, which functions as the patient's heart and lungs during surgery.
Dispense drugs prescribed by physicians and other health practitioners and provide information to patients about medications and their use. May advise physicians and other health practitioners on the selection, dosage, interactions, and side effects of medications.
Prepare medications under the direction of a pharmacist. May measure, mix, count out, label, and record amounts and dosages of medications according to prescription orders.
Also known as Registered Phlebotomy Technicians (RPTs), phlebotomists are medical laboratory technicians whose primary role is to collect blood samples directly from the patient. Using safe and minimally painful techniques, the phlebotomist draws blood and keeps careful records of all procedures. Blood may be collected for work in a clinical laboratory or may be drawn for blood bank collection. Safety precautions are of utmost concern to phlebotomists due to the nature of their work.
Assess, plan, organize, and participate in rehabilitative programs that improve mobility, relieve pain, increase strength, and improve or correct disabling conditions resulting from disease or injury.
Under close supervision of a physical therapist or physical therapy assistant, perform only delegated, selected, or routine tasks in specific situations. These duties include preparing the patient and the treatment area.
Assist physical therapists in providing physical therapy treatments and procedures. May, in accordance with State laws, assist in the development of treatment plans, carry out routine functions, document the progress of treatment, and modify specific treatments in accordance with patient status and within the scope of treatment plans established by a physical therapist. Generally requires formal training.
Diagnoses and treats human diseases and injuries and practice preventive medicine, sometimes combining medical practice with research or teaching in medical schools. Physicians receiving M.D. degrees are Doctors of Allopathic Medicine or Doctors of Medicine. Those receiving D.O. degrees are Doctors of Osteopathic Medicine or Doctors of Osteopathy. Programs in medicine provide the education needed by physicians to meet the changing health care needs of society. Medical programs are designed to use the scientific disciplines so that the future practices of students will be as scientifically based as possible. Programs in medical school include clinical and laboratory work, observation, and hospital clerkships.